【6/6/2021】CAPA-NoVA Distinguished Chinese American Project 

(Author: 白晶 Jing Bai)

周文俊(Wen Tsing Chow) (1918–2001), was a Chinese American missile guidance scientist and a digital computer pioneer, known for the invention of programmable read-only memory (PROM) and groundbreaking advancement in the fields of computer-guided navigation and systems engineering.

Chow was born in Shanxi, China in 1918. He received a B.S. in China in 1940 and an M.S. in EE from MIT in 1942. His innovative use of photochemical circuitry enabled the miniaturization of computer components in guidance systems, which established the use of digital computers in satellites, missiles and spacecraft.  Chow led the design of the United States Air Force Atlas E/F ICBM (Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile) all-inertial guidance computer and guidance system, the first production airborne digital computer. He worked on the guidance computers and guidance systems for every major United States Air Force ICBM and NASA manned space program from the very beginning with the Atlas, to missiles and spacecraft still in service today, Minuteman and the Space Shuttle.

相关阅读:  高锟(Charles K. Kao)

In 2004, the United States Air Force posthumously awarded Chow one of their highest awards, the Air Force Space and Missiles Pioneers Award. He is one of only a handful of civilians to receive this award and along with John von Neumann, one of only two computer scientists so honored.

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【Not only do we live among the stars, the stars live within us!】 

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